Evolutionary approach to science and innovation policies
ESST specialization, Patrick Llerena, University of Strasbourg
Science and innovation policies are increasingly justified in economic terms: science turning into innovation would be a source of growth and employment. These arguments dominate both political and media discourse. However, these discourses are explicitly or implicitly based on a ‘Novlangue’ (‘Newspeak’, Fitoussi, 2020), impoverishing the language, the concepts and consequently the ways of thinking and designing these policies. This course proposes to develop critical analyses of these economic arguments by proposing at least one alternative socio-economic approach: the evolutionary and institutional approach. The course will cover all of these aspects: from design to the measurement of their impacts.
General introduction: the role of the state seen by “economists”
Dosi G. & al. (1988) : “Technical change and Economic Theory”, Pinter publishers, London, 1988.
Fagerberg J. (2003) : “Schumpeter and the revival of evolutionary economics : an appraisal of the literature ”, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 13(2), 125-159
Fitoussi J.P. (2020) : “Comme on nous parle : l’emprise de la Novlangue sur nos sociétés”, Les liens qui libèrent, Paris, 2020.
Mazzucato M. (2011), The entrepreneurial State, DEMOS, 2011.
Metcalfe J.S. (2005), Systems failure and the case for innovation policy in “Innovation policy in a knowledge-based economy: theory and practice”, P. Llerena, M. Matt (eds) Springer, 2005, chap.2, p.47-71.
Nelson R.R. eds (1993) : “National Systems of Innovation : a comparative study”, Oxford Uni. Press, 1993.
– ability to analyze science and innovation policies, particularly in Europe
– knowledge of the main instruments of these policies
– ability to write policy analysis notes
– mastery of oral argumentation concerning these policies.
Some potential supervisors: